7 feet (2 m)
66 pounds (30 kilos)
When it lived:
Late Cretaceous - 70 MYA
was about as large as a grown human but it weighed much less than the
average man. That's in part because of it's slender, sleek build. It's
hands were usually
long and slender and that characteristic resulted in its name, which
means "narrow hand."
don't be fooled by Chirostenotes slender form; this
lightweight dinosaur could move very quickly and strike at prey before
they knew of danger.
This little dinosaur was about 7 feet in length and
3.5 feet in height. Its weight is has been estimate as low as 20 to as
50 kg. It was primarily a carnivore, but may have been omnivorous to
some extent. The diet of Chirostenotes largely consisted of small game
such as lizards and fish. It may have also eaten eggs. Chirostenotes
walked upright on two legs. The snout was long and tapering. A high
and rounded crest was on top of the head.
had three thin clawed fingers on each hand. The middle
finger was longer than the other two. The three fingered hands were
well suited for grabbing fish.
There were two pleurocarpals (openings in the sides) in each vertebra.
The jaw had a symphysial (made of bones grown together) ridge.
The openings called pleurocoels in the vertebrae may have been used as
an air sac system, one which is similar to that in modern birds. In
birds the vertebrae have a series of air sacs which are connected to
It was discovered in the Horseshoe Canyon Formation of Alberta,
Canada. The specimen included parts of the skull, much of the pelvic
girdle, and elements from all regions of the vertebral column.
Gilmore formerly described the specimen in 1924. Later, a bottom jaw
of a really weird animal was found in Alberta and named
Caenagnathus. It had no teeth and was long and thin. For many
years, people thought that it might be the jaw of Chirostenotes.
A few years ago, a skeleton was found in the collections of the Royal
Ontario Museum that had been collecting dust for almost 70 years was
cleaned up. What they found was enough of a skull and skeleton to
prove that Chirostenotes and Caenagnathus were the same
animal. Chirostenotes was the oldest name, so it was used. In
addition to those discovered in Alberta, Canada, fossils have been
found in Montana, Wyoming, and North Dakota in the U.S.
pergracilis (Gilmore, 1924) is the basic '"type" species.
It includes C.
elegans (Parks, 1933;Currie and Russell, 1988) and is closely
related to or may be synonymous with Macrophalangia canadensis, M. elegans, Elmisaurus
elegans (possibly), Ornithomimus elegans, Caenagnathus collinsi
and Caenagnathus sternbergi.
C. rarus Osmolska, and
Questions have been raised about its classification. The digital proportions and hand
configuration are comparable to those of
Deinonychus antirrhopus and
Velociraptor mongoliens suggesting it should be classified as a dromaeosaurid.
It resembled the troodontid
Troodon, but had longer, less sharply curved claws.
A group of paleontologists reconstructed this dinosaur.
had three long and thin fingers, armed with long and acute nails.
These would turn out to him very useful to capture small animals. Its
diet was very varied. With his long later legs and their powerful
similar fingers to those of the birds, it had to be fast in the race.
The speed was probably its main defense against its enemies. It lacked
teeth, but had a beak similar to that of a parrot. It head was
topped with a crest, like the bony protuberance of
the Oviraptor . The experts noted that it was not only very
similar to Oviraptor but lived only two million year years
before it. They concluded that it was an earlier form.
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